It is mounted at head height on the southeast corner (Al Rukn Al Aswad) of the Ka’bah. 2. resulted in both Jews and Christians developing free, critical and independent thinking; a scientific attitude to all fields of knowledge including religion; questioning of religious texts; willingness to accept criticism and divergent views which gave rise to a number of sects and denomination which co-exist today largely peacefully together at least at the physical level; greater tolerance and acceptance of other religions, etc.. There are two ways to deal with this change. A common query is: Where did the Black Stone come from? The late Jiddu Krishnamurti, a modern Hindu seer, says 'Question everybody. But over the centuries the religious beliefs contained in Jewish texts were questioned by the Jews themselves right from medieval times through to the Jewish enlightenment of the 18th century and to present times. does not allow sufficient scope for adaptation, modification, change and progress. The Quran is supplemented by the teachings of Muhammad and his living example known as ‘Sunna’ which have been preserved in the ‘Hadith’. As a result today there are different sects/streams of thought in Judaism such as Orthodox Judaism, Reform Judaism, Conservative Judaism, Humanistic Judaism, etc.. I will do this under the following heads: *Similarities between the three Judaic / Abrahamic religions I have no eye-witnesses of that distant past about which I am trying to write, and even if I had eye-witnesses it would be of no use …” Deep in thought, he went back into his house and dropped the entire project of writing the history of mankind. So the pieces were later returned. Hudud (literal meaning "limit", or "restriction") is an Islamic concept and refers to punishments which under Islamic law (Shariah) are mandated and fixed by God and are specified in the Quran. Christians and Jews managed to side-step their religious texts and developed independent thought and action which they applied initially to the fields of science, arts, etc.. Their Origins May Surprise You, Piercing the Veil: Uncovering the Secrets of The Holy Lance, King Solomon’s Mines Discovered: Kings and Pharaohs - Part I, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. While the world is now making serious attempts to tackle individual acts of terror, yet the far more serious issue of the spread of fundamentalist, medieval, regressive, extremist Islamic thinking which drives and fuels these terrorist acts is perhaps not yet fully understood thereby leaving room for better tackling of the issue. GLOBAL ISLAMIC TERRORISM AND THE THREE JUDAIC RELIGIONS. aberrations have crept into Hinduism over time and the earlier wide-spread spirituality with its scientific temper, emphasis on meditation to turn the mind inwards, open-mindedness, etc., Flanagan, Bob. During Muhammad’s early ministry, the Kaaba was the qiblah, or direction of prayer, for the Muslim community. The Quran contains numerous passages advocating killing and violence in various forms from which Muslim extremists draw inspiration and justification for their violent acts. The Black Stone, al-Ḥajaru al-Aswad, "Black Stone") is a rock set into the eastern corner of the Kaaba, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This ‘absolute truth’ cannot be described in words, but we may if we wish, refer to it in common parlance as ‘God’. Atleast it would feed me. It already attracted pilgrimagesas the most important sanctuary (haram) in pre-Muslim Arabia, andthe traditional belief that it was built by Abraham and Ishmael(to whom the Arabs trace their descent) was confirmed by theQur'an (Koran). It is because this universal absolute truth, which one may call ‘God’, is present in everything and pervades the entire universe, that Hindus see, revere and worship God in anything and everything whether it be trees, animals, birds, stones, a blade of grass or whatever. As per studies there are more than one thousand passages which refer to God as acting violently or supporting the violence of humans and more than one hundred passages involving divine commands to kill humans. If it cannot be touched due to the c, It is a part of umrah, and more importantly, it has great significance in the history of human civilization and the world. It is a fact however that after Christ’s death his followers viz. Many Muslim countries too have accepted and are practicing techniques such as yoga and meditation. It has also evolved methods, approaches and techniques to suit the personalities of different individuals. However, another study done by Robert S. Dietz and John McHone at the University of Illinois in 1974 concluded that the Black Stone was probably not a meteorite or supernatural in origin. Here god is swearing by the knocker star and stating to the world 1400 years ago through mohamed that he is the all mighty creator by giving them a scientific fact that they won't even understand at that time by saying in his own words (And what makes you know what is the knocker) August 7, 2014., "Black Stone of Mecca, Hajj - Crystalinks." monotheism; the concept of God as a being who is mighty, loving, forgiving, merciful and just, as well as stern and violent in punishing; conveyance of the word of God through prophets; God’s active involvement in the daily life of human beings; rewards and punishments for obedience/disobedience of God’s words; resurrection after death, heaven and hell, etc.. Muhammad taught that his message was identical to those of Abraham and Moses. Also found were many shatter cones, a rare geological feature, only known to form in the bedrock beneath meteorite impact craters or underground nuclear explosions. The Kaaba marked the location where the sacred world intersected with the profane, and the embedded Black Stone was a further symbol of this as an object as a link between heaven and earth. Further, this shift was made not only in man’s relationship with God, but also more importantly between man and man and had a wide-ranging impact on religious practices, laws, social behaviors, etc.. Source: Aviator70 /Adobe Stock, Tate, Amethyst. Hinduism however has tried to share its wisdom, insights, specific concepts and methods with people of other religions, countries, etc. which in turn has given rise to problems such as inequalities in Hindu society, attempts by fringe elements to enforce their narrow thinking, etc.. Another factor which holds Islamic societies back is ‘gender inequality’ where, despite claims being made to the contrary, equal treatment is not meted out to both the genders, and females who constitute 50% of the population are not given educational and other opportunities to develop and contribute to their full potential to their societies. Muslims regard Muhammad more as the restorer of the true monotheistic primordial faith obtaining at the time of Judaism or earlier rather than the founder of a new religion. Its significance is that it is the only surviving stone from the original structure built by Abraham and Ishmael (peace be upon them both). But there is often an uneasy co-habitation between the two making it difficult to resolve some issues. [7] Located on the eastern corner of the Kaaba, it is about 30 cm (12 inches) in diameter and surrounded by a silver frame. The Black Stone is one of the stones of the Ka`bah. According to Hadith, it was a white-colored stone, beautiful and dazzling in appearance. These include punishments described at the start such as death through beheading, stoning, burning, strangulation; amputation of arms and legs or portions thereof; the law of equal retaliatory punishment or like for like such as an eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth, limb for a limb, life for a life; flogging; etc.. for acts such as idolatry, blasphemy, adultery, fornication, false accusations of illicit sex, consuming intoxicants, robbery, theft, rebellion and other mischief against the Muslim state, highway robbery. A Forgotten Sphinx and Faked Cartouche: Changing the Course of Ancient Egyptian History? Muhammad took part in the reconstruction of the Kaaba after its structure was damaged due to floods around 600 CE. Some people and societies who are more open-minded absorb the changes, adapt well to them and are able to live comfortably and profitably in the new environment. The Black Stone is a Muslim relic, which according to Islamic tradition dates back to the time of Adam and Eve. about the Black Stone which we will quote for our brother so that he may learn So apart from engaging in violent terrorist acts for the reasons mentioned above, individuals who are weak, insecure, frustrated, revengeful, hateful and violent for any reason whatsoever, including personal reasons, find that by engaging in violent terrorist acts they can hit two birds at a shot. According to Islamic tradition, the stone was set intact into the Kaaba’s wall by the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the year 605 AD. are records of events post Jesus’ death. but at the same time we should be ready to move beyond that person(s) to other scientists, thinkers, philosophers who may propound new and better theories, ideologies, etc.. The Battle of the Delta: Ramses III saves Egypt from the People of the Sea, Petroglyphic Features of Portable Rock Art, Viking Age Treasures Clean Up Nicely: Galloway Hoard Reveals New Secrets, A Frenchman Solves Linear Elamite Puzzle And Rewrites Writing History. It now consists of three large pieces and some fragments, surrounded by a stone ring and held together with a silver band. It is relative to our minds and sense organs. The British likewise invaded India and committed similar atrocities such as killing, enslaving (though to a much smaller degree than Muslims) and conversions largely through propaganda, offering inducements, deception, etc.. For death punishments stringent restrictions were placed in terms of the number of witnesses required for an offense, etc.. But followers of these sects do not co-exist peacefully together and Muslims do not co-exist peacefully with other religions too. On the one hand they can release their own pent up feelings of frustration, hatred, revenge, violence, etc. Hinduism is very democratic. The Black Stone of Kaaba A mysterious dark rock rests in a corner of the Kaaba, a square black building found at the center of the Grand Mosque in Mecca , Saudi Arabia. Another aspect common to all three Judaic religions is the tendency of these religions to use religion as a means to acquire political control/power and thereby make economic gains too. When societies do not provided freedom to think critically, independently and creatively, and to express this free thinking in actions too, then these societies lose heavily before long on all fronts. Both the Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament, whose religious philosophy Islam (7 AD) too has accepted and recorded in the Quran, are described in research studies, as being full of violence and as evidence of both a violent society and a violent God where the power and glory of God is described in the language of violence. “The Black Stone came down from Jannah (Paradise).”At-Tirmidhi, Sunan, hadith no. Many Muslims believe the stone is in fact a meteorite possessing supernatural powers. in the realm of spirituality. ; reduce the number of people who follow other religions through killing them, etc.. According to the Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, in 1674 someone smeared the Black Stone with excrement so that "everyone who kissed it retired with a sullied beard". Some of the prominent shifts were in concepts such as ‘forgive others as God forgives’; to enter the Kingdom of heaven be child-like; love both one’s friends and enemies; instead of equal, retaliatory punishment viz. This is because Muslims have rigidly clung to the past, have been hostile to change, and are wary of examining their religion critically and considering new thoughts and practices, because there is always a threat of violence for any scrutiny or deviation however small from the tenets of Islam. These various sects cover a wide range of views such as the assertion in Orthodox Judaism that the Torah and Jewish law are divine in origin, eternal, unalterable and have to be strictly followed; Reform Judaism which says that Jewish laws should be viewed only as a set of ‘general guidelines’ rather than as a set of restrictions and obligations which must be observed by all Jews; Conservative Judaism which promotes more "traditional" interpretation of Judaism's requirements than Reform Judaism, Humanistic Judaism which rejects the religious aspects of Judaism while retaining certain cultural traditions. [SAW] Muslims do not worship the Black Stone. Christians engaged in various violent acts as evidenced by the Holy Inquisition, the Crusades, aggressive wars by Christian countries, the holocaust, hatred, aggressiveness and incredible cruelty towards ‘infidels’ and ‘heretics’ under the slogan of ‘struggle for the holy faith’, forced conversions, etc.. Regarding the New Testament, Jesus’ teachings and his life as he lived it were a shift from the violent teachings of the Old Testament. But now, in order to understand clearly the various dimensions of global Islamic terrorism and the fundamentalist, extremist ideology which is taking root everywhere, it is necessary to go to the roots of these problems by going back into history and examining the origins, growth, similarities and differences, etc. To understand this issue better I propose to examine in some depth the origin, growth, similarities and differences between these three religions. Just as there are constant changes and improvements in scientific theories, inventions, etc., where one theory gets replaced by another better theory or one invention is replaced by another improved version or a totally new concept altogether, why are such changes and improvements not allowed to happen in the realms of religion, spirituality, social life and in beliefs, values and practices in various spheres of life? Swami, Bhaktivejanyana. But these Muslim extremists also know that, in spite of their best efforts to condition and enslave the minds of their people, because of advances in communication, easier modes of travel, etc. But instead of recognizing and accepting this truth, and taking the more difficult path of changing and ‘leveling up’ by critically and objectively examining and questioning their beliefs, values, practices, etc. Millions of Muslims travel to Mecca, Saudi Arabia every year and in a single day, Mecca is capable of attracting over two million Muslim followers for the annual hajj pilgrimage, considered one of the five pillars of Islam . There, they gather around the Ka’aba, often written simply as Kaaba, a cubic-shaped building at the center of Islam’s most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram. "The Kaaba Black Stone - Historic Mysteries." All three religions, Judaism, Christianity have practised violence in the form of killing of non-believers and perceived enemies of a religion; religious wars; genocides, massacres, mass murders; expulsions; slavery; statutes which humiliate and stigmatize groups; forced conversions; systemic violence against women; capital and other physical punishments; world-wide colonialism; systemic violence such as poverty, racism and sexism; terrorism which has included acts like kidnapping, assassination, mass murder, suicide bombing, airline hijacking, etc.. Today though there are instances of terrorism in other religions too almost all religion-based terrorism in the present-day world is Islamic. In the case of Islam these issues are far more serious and have not helped followers of Islam to reach even higher levels of intellectual, social, political and material development. Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The Black Stone came down from Jannah (Paradise).”(At-Tirmidhi, Sunan, hadith no. Since the world has changed in such radical and divergent ways in a manner which human beings could not have conceived of even in the past one century leave alone 20-40 centuries ago, principles of jurisprudence such as strict adherence to the letter of religious texts, consensus which is anchored to the past, analogical derivations, preference for custom and precedents over independent thinking, etc. But the question is why do Muslims, particularly Muslim extremists want to stick to their regressive ideologies and go against the universal basic human urge for freedom, growth and realization of one’s full potential? Force-fitting is like taking a scientific theory, and forcefully fitting further facts, new information, new developments, etc., into the existing theories by stretching, twisting, convolution, etc.. Plz watch this video and just give it a little itch in ur brains...., I don’t think it’s been tested. But the very nature of Islamic societies is such that the stranglehold of fundamentalist, medieval, regressive, extremist religious beliefs, values and practices are so strong that consciously and instinctively these societies know that, given their ideologies, mind-sets, beliefs, values and practices, it would be very difficult for them to catch up with more open-minded, creative, developed and prosperous countries. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. The God of this period and subsequently is referred to by Jews as YHWH in Hebrew (translated into English as ‘LORD’), by Christians as God or Lord and by Muslims as ‘Allah’. Being mentally conditioned, having developed mind-sets, they cling to the ideology, beliefs, values and practices that they have been conditioned with since birth. The surface is certainly a blackish color, but there is some speculation that the color derives from all of the hands and mouths that have touched it, as well as the oils with which it is anointed. The Black Stone, al-Ḥajaru al-Aswad, "Black Stone") is a rock set into the eastern corner of the Kaaba, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. But one day he heard a shot behind his house. One shift was in the conception of God from a being who is described in the Old Testaments as being loving, merciful and just as also very strict, threatening, fearful, punishing, violent, etc. Kissing the Black Stone. It is covered with a black silk cloth, known as the kiswa and decorated with gold-embroidered calligraphy. In 930 AD it was stolen by a small Shiite sect called the Qarmatians, who took it back to their base in Hajar, modern day Bahrain. It is an important part of the hajj pilgrimage, performed primarily because it is mandatory and because Muslims believe their sins will be forgiven. Muslims also believe that on the Day of Judgement, the Black Stone will develop two eyes and a tongue to intercede for the Muslims who kiss or touch the stone with sincerity. Last week we talked about how the Kaaba seems to be an adoption from pre-Islamic Paganism. The entrance is a door set 2.13 m (7 ft 0 in) above the ground on the north-eastern wall of the Kaaba , called the Bab ar-Rahmah ( Arabic : باب الرحمة ‎, romanized : Bab ar-Rahmah , lit. And then, a big question arose in his mind “ What am I doing? But trying to achieve political and economic ends through religion, mixing religion with political and economic ambitions makes for a toxic cocktail. It has had a tumultuous history, with many attempts at theft or removal. It now consists of three large While Judaism and Christianity have somehow got past them to quite a great extent to reach their present levels of intellectual, social, political and material development, yet these issues have not yet been clearly and properly resolved by them as yet, as a result of which, Judaism and Christianity have not evolved enough to enable their followers to reach to higher realms of spirituality. But in Islam everything is sought to be force-fitted into the existing ideology through principles of jurisprudence which have evolved with the objective of preventing innovation or alteration in the original religion.

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