Territorial reform passed by the French legislature in 2014 resulted in the merger of the Alsace administrative region with Champagne-Ardenne and Lorraine to form Grand Est. The festivities of the year's end involve the production of a great variety of biscuits and small cakes called bredela as well as pain d'épices (gingerbread cakes) which are baked around Christmas time. Some settled in Texas and Illinois, many to farm or to seek success in commercial ventures: for example, the sailing ships Sully (in May 1843) and Iowa (in June 1844) brought families who set up homes in northern Illinois and northern Indiana. Though the ban has long been lifted and street signs today are often bilingual, Alsace-Lorraine is today predominantly French in language and culture. The 2019 figures are calculated by using vital statistics and an estimate of net migration. German traits remain in the more traditional, rural parts of the culture, such as the cuisine and architecture, whereas modern institutions are totally dominated by French culture. Alsace-Lorraine was occupied by Germany in 1940 during the Second World War. [15] Others ventured to Canada to settle in southwestern Ontario, notably Waterloo County. La population de Colmar a été estimée à 66 560 habitants en 2007. Until its abolition in 2015, the Alsace region was divided into 2 departments, 13 departmental arrondissements, 75 cantons (not shown here), and 904 communes: Alsace's population increased to 1,872,949 in 2014. France began an aggressive policy of expanding eastward, first to the rivers Rhône and Meuse, and when those borders were reached, aiming for the Rhine. Policies forbidding the use of German and requiring French were promptly introduced. [citation needed]. The name Alsace can be traced to the Old High German Ali-saz or Elisaz, meaning "foreign domain". Note: the commune of Strasbourg is not inside the arrondissement of Strasbourg-Campagne but it is nonetheless the seat of the Strasbourg-Campagne, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Union of Protestant Churches of Alsace and Lorraine, Protestant Church of Augsburg Confession of Alsace and Lorraine, Protestant Reformed Church of Alsace and Lorraine, several international organizations and bodies, 1905 French law on the separation of Church and State, 1905 law separating the French church and state was instituted, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Henriette Louise de Waldner de Freundstein, 2014 Alsace single territorial collectivity referendum, "Full text of "Alsace-Lorraine since 1870, Livre noir du Communisme: crimes, terreur, répression, "Fichier Données harmonisées des recensements de la population de 1968 à 2011", "IMG1B – Les immigrés par sexe, âge et pays de naissance", "D_FD_IMG2 – Base France par départements – Lieux de naissance à l'étranger selon la nationalité", "Unser LandBrève histoire d'un drapeau alsacien - Unser Land", "Colmar : une statue de la Liberté en "Rot und Wiss" - France 3 Alsace", "Charte européenne des langues régionales : Hollande nourrit la guerre contre le français", "Les Christstollen de la vallée de Munster", "Law Lords slam crime agency for freezing UMBS payments", "Jardins de la ferme bleue – SehenswĂźrdigkeiten in Uttenhoffen, Elsa". Following World War II, the French government pursued, in line with its traditional language policy, a campaign to suppress the use of German as part of a wider Francization campaign. These conditions led to emigration by hundreds of families to newly vacant lands in the Russian Empire in 1803–4 and again in 1808. Otto von Bismarck annexed Alsace and northern Lorraine to the new German Empire in 1871. The population of the departments of Grand Est Region according to census results and latest official estimates. French troops entered Alsace less than two weeks later to quash the worker strikes and remove the newly established Soviets and revolutionaries from power. This memorandum was, however, implemented in a fairly lax manner. His efforts were countered by the Roman Catholic Habsburgs who tried to eradicate heresy in Upper Alsace. Schnapps is also traditionally made in Alsace, but it is in decline because home distillers are becoming less common and the consumption of traditional, strong, alcoholic beverages is decreasing. The idea was that such men would be more tractable and less likely to alienate the fief from the crown out of their own greed. For more than 300 years, from the Thirty Years' War to World War II, the political status of Alsace was heavily contested between France and various German states in wars and diplomatic conferences. (2019) ... L'identité régionale n'est pas un argument contraire à la rationalité fondée sur la taille (superficie et population). Le nombre d'élèves, la réussite aux examens du bac et du brevet, le pourcentage de mentions et les filières ou séries proposées en Alsace. Alsace is the most well equipped region of France, with 2000 kilometres of cycle routes. Increasingly, French is the only language used at home and at work, whereas a growing number of people have a good knowledge of standard German as a foreign language learned in school. The network is of a very good standard and well signposted. The 2019 figures are calculated by using vital statistics and an estimate of net migration. Like all regional languages in France, however, the transmission of Alsatian is on the decline. There are two international airports in Alsace: Strasbourg is also two hours away by road from one of the largest European airports, Frankfurt Main, and 2-hour 30 minutes from Charles de Gaulle Airport through the direct TGV service, stopping in Terminal 2. Liste et carte de tous les campings de l'Alsace, nombre d'étoiles, les équipements, les animations, leurs sites internets, les prix ainsi que les avis et les coordonnées pour votre réservation en camping en Alsace. [30] However, visitors to Alsace can see indications of renewed political and cultural interest in the language – in Alsatian signs appearing in car-windows and on hoardings, and in new official bilingual street signs in Strasbourg and Mulhouse. INSEE estimates that its population will grow 12.9% to 19.5% between 1999 and 2030. [14] In 1843 and 1844, sailing ships bringing immigrant families from Alsace arrived at the port of New York. The French language never really managed, however, to win over the masses, the vast majority of whom continued to speak their German dialects and write in German (which we would now call "standard German"). [10] As in much of Europe, the prosperity of Alsace was brought to an end in the 14th century by a series of harsh winters, bad harvests, and the Black Death. Kaeppelin, Charles E. R, and Mary L. Hendee. The rest was shared between Lothar's brothers Charles the Bald (ruler of the West Frankish realm) and Louis the German (ruler of the East Frankish realm). Cities such as Colmar and Hagenau also began to grow in economic importance and gained a kind of autonomy within the "Décapole" (or "Zehnstädtebund"), a federation of ten free towns. The following is a selection of people born in Alsace who have been particularly influential and/or successful in their respective field. Alsace (/ælˈsæs/,[3] also US: /ælˈseɪs, ˈælsæs/;[4][5] French: [alzas] (listen); Low Alemannic German/Alsatian: 's Elsàss [ˈɛlsɑs]; German: Elsass[a] [ˈɛlzas] (listen); Latin: Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland. Unlike other member states of the German federation, which had governments of their own, the new Imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine was under the sole authority of the Kaiser, administered directly by the imperial government in Berlin. - Accueil, Badminton, Comité Départemental du Finistère de Badminton, BREST, 29200, modifié le : 2/12/2020 Accueil. The Franco-Prussian War, which started in July 1870, saw France defeated in May 1871 by the Kingdom of Prussia and other German states. The treaty stipulations regarding Alsace were complex. Served alongside are often roasted or steamed potatoes or dumplings. Alsace experienced great prosperity during the 12th and 13th centuries under Hohenstaufen emperors. The gastronomic symbol of the région is undoubtedly the Choucroute, a local variety of Sauerkraut. At the same time, some Alsatians were in opposition to the Jacobins and sympathetic to the restoration of the monarchy pursued by the invading forces of Austria and Prussia who sought to crush the nascent revolutionary republic. Classement des Villes par la Population. Though little is known about the early history of the Jews of Alsace, there is a lot of information from the 12th century onwards. From the annexation of Alsace by France in the 17th century and the language policy of the French Revolution up to 1870, knowledge of French in Alsace increased considerably. It was also in Strasbourg that the first German Bible was published in 1466. The merger of Alsace into Germany in 1871–1918 lessened antisemitic violence. Thus, a proportion of the HGVs travelling from north Germany to Switzerland or southern Alsace bypasses the A5 on the Alsace-Baden-Württemberg border and uses the untolled, French A35 instead. [16] The constitution of the Reichsland of 1911 reserved one seat in the first chamber of the Landtag for a representative of the Jewish Consistory of Alsace-Lorraine (besides two seats respectively for the two main Christian denominations). The end of the war led to the unification of Germany. German is also taught as a foreign language in local kindergartens and schools. From the end of the Roman Empire (5th century) to the French annexation (17th century), Alsace was politically part of the German world. Alsatian is an Alemannic dialect closely related to Swabian and Swiss German, although since World War II most Alsatians primarily speak French. Carte des magasins, adresses et coordonnées, horaires et avis. The economic and cultural capital of Alsace, as well as its largest city, is Strasbourg, which sits right on the contemporary German international border. A related Alemannic German survives on the opposite bank of the Rhine, in Baden, and especially in Switzerland. Le recensement s’achève le 16 Février 2019 . The combination of economic and demographic factors led to hunger, housing shortages and a lack of work for young people. Some overzealous statesmen have called it a Nazi invention - while its origins date back to the 11th century and the Red and White banner[28] of Gérard de Lorraine (aka. During a reannexation by Germany (1940–1945), High German was reinstated as the language of education. Between 100,000 and 130,000 Alsatians (of a total population of about a million and a half) chose to remain French citizens and leave Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen, many of them resettling in French Algeria as Pieds-Noirs. La publication World Population Prospects fournit les estimations de population des Nations unies pour tous les pays du monde pour chaque année entre 1950 et 2020 et les projections selon différents scénarios (bas, moyen et haut) pour chaque année entre 2020 et 2100. France consolidated its hold with the 1679 Treaties of Nijmegen, which brought most remaining towns under its control. Toutes les chambres d'hôtes, label et classement. Some of the most famous generals of the French Revolution also came from Alsace, notably Kellermann, the victor of Valmy, Kléber, who led the armies of the French Republic in Vendée and Westermann, who also fought in the Vendée. The line plans to link up the interchange of Hœrdt to the north of Strasbourg, with Innenheim in the southwest. This teaching of German, referred to as the Holderith Reform, was later extended to all pupils in the last two years of elementary school. The word Sauerkraut in Alsatian has the form sûrkrût, same as in other southwestern German dialects, and means "sour cabbage" as its Standard German equivalent. It is a region in the east of France with a population of approximately 1.9 million people. The German region Hesse uses a flag similar to the Rot-un-Wiss. Due to protests it was decided in 2019 that Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin would form the future European Collectivity of Alsace in 2021. To protect this highly valued industry, the Romans built fortifications and military camps that evolved into various communities which have been inhabited continuously to the present day. The German language remained in use in local administration, in schools, and at the (Lutheran) University of Strasbourg, which continued to draw students from other German-speaking lands. Classement au niveau de l'insécurité de l'Alsace. Several valleys are also found in the région. Since the 17th century, the region has passed between German and French control numerous times, resulting in a cultural blend. However, Alsatian, along with other regional languages, are recognized by the French government in the official list of languages of France. They are mostly found on roofs of houses, churches and other public buildings in Alsace. Half-timbered houses were easy to knock down and to move around during those times (a day was necessary to move it and a day to rebuild it in another place). However, while French is the major language of the region, the Alsatian dialect of French is heavily influenced by German and other languages such as Yiddish in phonology and vocabulary. It is perhaps mostly known for the region's wines and beers. Chômage en Alsace. Official tolerance grew during the French Revolution, with full emancipation in 1791. It is first known in print in the title of The Squire of Alsatia, a 1688 play written by Thomas Shadwell. The strongly Catholic Louis XIV tried in vain to drive them from Alsace. In 1951, Article 10 of the Deixonne Law (Loi Deixonne) on the teaching of local languages and dialects made provision for Breton, Basque, Catalan and old Provençal, but not for Corsican, Dutch (West Flemish) or Alsatian in Alsace and Moselle. Few young people speak Alsatian today, although there do still exist one or two enclaves in the Sundgau region where some older inhabitants cannot speak French, and where Alsatian is still used as the mother tongue. To make it, the cabbage is finely shredded, layered with salt and juniper and left to ferment in wooden barrels.

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