Western countries supported the military coup in Egypt and chose not to intervene in Syria. We gave them to Saudi Arabia, to the United States, Germans, French and British, all of them." According to both sources, the audio of the Skype call is currently with Erdogan. The Washington Post reported on 10 October 2018 that U.S. intelligence intercepted communications of Saudi officials discussing a plan ordered by the Crown Prince Bin Salman, to capture Khashoggi from his home in Virginia. "[35], On 21 September, just eleven days before Khashoggi was murdered in the Saudi consulate, he made a declaration of support for the Bees Movement. On Monday, the Riyadh Criminal Court sentenced five individuals to death for "committing and directly participating in the murder of the victim", according to the public prosecution's statement. Allied Arab countries characterized the aftermath as a media campaign against Saudi Arabia. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. [156][157] The suspects are believed to have fled Turkey, while Saudi Arabia has denied the Turkish claims for all the accused to be taken back to Turkey in order to answer for their crimes. [121], President Erdoğan said the investigation needs to be completed swiftly: "This needs to be solved now; there is no point in excuses", and wants an extradition request for 18 suspects detained in KSA to be put on trial in Istanbul. [131] An interview with the oven's builder revealed that it was designed to be "deep", and capable of withstanding temperatures over 1,000 °C (1,830 °F). VideoRags to robes: How clothes are recycled. Once Khashoggi's collaboration with The Washington Post started, he was harassed via Twitter from pro-regime bot accounts commonly known as "the electronic flies". [20] He also served as editor for the Saudi newspaper Al Watan, turning it into a platform for Saudi progressives. Turkish foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu stated that "The whole truth must be revealed" and the visit will help in that direction. VideoThe Beirut architect rebuilding families' homes for free, French culture takes centre stage in Covid protest, Kangaroos can 'communicate' with humans. [36], On 19 October, The Wilson Center issued a statement saying that they had offered him a fellowship at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (or Wilson Center), located in Washington, D.C.[37][38], On 22 October, Marc Owen Jones, an assistant professor at Hamad Bin Khalifa University in Doha who researched Arab propaganda and has monitored Saudi Twitter bots for two years, said he has seen a massive surge in pro-regime Twitter activity, and in the creation of troll accounts, since Khashoggi went missing: "There was such a huge spike in October in bot accounts and the use of the hashtags praising the crown prince, it's absurd". [24] Saud al-Qahtani, the "lord of the flies", was an official tasked by Crown Prince Mohammed with implementing a zero-tolerance crackdown on dissent on social media; Qahtani was later implicated in Khashoggi's murder. [7], In January 2019, the Saudi government began trials against 11 Saudis accused of involvement in Khashoggi's murder. [152], In September 2019, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman appeared in an interview with the CBS "60 Minutes" program that was aired on 29 September 2019, denying that he had ordered the killing of Jamal Khashoggi or that he had prior knowledge about it but said that he bears all responsibility for the killing of Jamal Khashoggi because the incident took place under his watch. The assassination of Jamal Khashoggi—a Saudi dissident, journalist, columnist for The Washington Post, former editor of Al-Watan and former general manager and editor-in-chief of the Al-Arab News Channel—occurred on 2 October 2018 at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, and was perpetrated by agents of the Saudi government. They tried to keep their work secret from Saudi persecution. Khashoggi's fiancée, Hatice Cengiz, called the Saudi announcement "not acceptable". They have barely been touched by the investigation and the trial," Special Rapporteur Agnes Callamard .css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link{color:#3F3F42;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{font-weight:bolder;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{border-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;}@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em){.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{border-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;}}wrote on Twitter. [105] He was later seen at Istanbul's Blue Mosque, where he went to a public bathroom and changed back to his own clothes and discarded Khashoggi's clothes. That may be wishful thinking. "[195] On 24 October 2018, Salah Khashoggi, who holds dual Saudi-US citizenship, and his family left Saudi Arabia for the US. [68] Turkey then claimed to have audio and video evidence of the killing occurring inside the consulate. [82][83] Reuters reported that al-Otaibi left Istanbul for Riyadh on 16 October. [28], After Khashoggi's assassination, the Saudi cyber-operations were the focus of global scrutiny. Abdulaziz recalled: "Jamal was very polite in public, but in private, he spoke more freely – he was very very critical of the crown prince. In her Washington Post op-ed on 9 October, Cengiz wrote, "At this time, I implore President Trump and first lady Melania Trump to help shed light on Jamal's disappearance. [67], Turkish authorities have claimed that security camera footage of the day of the incident was removed from the consulate and that Turkish consulate staff were abruptly told to take a holiday on the day Khashoggi disappeared while inside the building. According to the Turkish source, Qahtani then asked the team to kill Khashoggi. The Government of Canada started an investigation in to those malicious cyberattacks. [71] Middle East Eye cited an anonymous Saudi who said the Tiger Squad brought Khashoggi's fingers to Mohammed bin Salman in Riyadh as other evidence that the mission was successful. After Omar Abdulaziz refused, Saudi authorities arrested two of his brothers and several of his friends in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia's deputy public prosecutor Shalaan Shalaan told reporters in November 2018 that the murder was ordered by the head of a "negotiations team" sent to Istanbul by the Saudi deputy intelligence chief to bring Khashoggi back to the kingdom "by means of persuasion" or, if that failed, "by force". Days later, leaks from Turkish sources declared that Mr. Khashoggi was killed in the Saudi Consulate. [1] On 20 November, US President Donald Trump disputed the CIA assessment and stated that the investigation into Khashoggi's death had to continue. Canada considered freezing its $13 billion General Dynamics Land Systems – Canada arms deal,[209] but so far has chosen to proceed with the deal. [87], On 22 October, Reuters cited a Turkish intelligence source and a high-ranking Arab with access to intelligence and links to members of Saudi's royal court and reported that Saud al-Qahtani, the then-top aide for Mohammed bin Salman, had made a Skype call to the consulate while Khashoggi was held in the room. The "biological evidence" discovered in the consulate garden supported the theory. [72][73] One anonymous police source claimed that the dead body was "cut into pieces" and quietly moved out of the consulate, and that all of this was "videotaped to prove the mission had been accomplished and the tape was taken out of the country". [29][30], Khashoggi and Abdelaziz were also working on a short film, showing how the Saudi leadership was dividing the country, a website tracking human rights and the new foundation "Democracy for the Arab World Now" (DAWN) Khashoggi was forming. [168] The Daily Sabah outlet named and detailed: A top Pentagon post nominee of US President Donald Trump, Louis Bremer, was grilled on Capitol Hill by Senator Tim Kaine on 6 August 2020, over his firm Tier 1 Group's alleged involvement in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. JUST WATCHED In the night of 2 October, a 15-member group arrived from Riyadh on two private Gulfstream jets.[58]. [27] Abdulaziz said they wanted "to talk about the dissidents, the political prisoners, freedom of speech, human rights" and "make people aware of what's really happening". [201][202] Additionally, Aljabri's son, Khalid, has claimed that his brother-in-law was rendered from Dubai to Saudi Arabia in September 2017, where he was coerced into trying to persuade his wife to attend the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul. Having divorced his wife, who had remained in Saudi Arabia, he went to the consulate to obtain a document certifying that he was no longer married so he could marry his Turkish fiancée. [146] The next day Hürriyet columnist Abdulkadir Selvi wrote that the "CIA holds 'smoking gun phone call' of Saudi Crown Prince on Khashoggi murder",[147] and that Gina Haspel, director of the Central Intelligence Agency, has possession of an intercepted phone call in which crown prince Mohammad gives an order to his brother Khalid "to silence Jamal Khashoggi as soon as possible". Alaoudh said, "They offered me a 'temporary pass' that would allow me to return to Saudi Arabia." [205] The United States' president, Donald Trump, expressed support for the Saudi government, reserving judgment about culpability. Among other known cases, KSA is believed to have used NSO software to target London-based Saudi dissident Yahya Assiri, a former Royal Saudi Air Force officer and founder the human rights organisation ALQST and an Amnesty International researcher. He was an outspoken critic of Saudi Arabia who dared to defy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.. On 2 October 2018 CCTV showed the suspected agents entering the consulate around noon. A conclusion that contradicted previous Saudi government claims that the crown prince was not involved. This was first revealed on 1 October 2018 in a detailed forensic report by Citizen Lab,[32] a University of Toronto project that investigates digital espionage against civil society. [28] As Khashoggi wrote in his last, posthumously published, column, he was of the opinion that "What the Arab world needs most is free expression". The car belonged to the Saudi consulate and permission was sought from the Saudi diplomats to search the car. [50][51], On 16 November, Central Intelligence Agency members who internally analyzed multiple sources of intelligence concluded that Mohammed bin Salman ordered Khashoggi's assassination. That may be wishful thinking. "The head of the negotiating team and the perpetrators then discussed and agreed to kill the victim inside the consulate," he added. Then He Went Missing", "Seine Verlobte im Interview: Aus diesem Grund ging Khashoggi beim zweiten Mal unbesorgt in das Konsulat", "Jamal Khashoggi: Washington Post blanks out missing Saudi writer's column", "Saudi Critic Vanishes After Visiting Consulate, Prompting Fear And Confusion", "Jamal Khashoggi: details of alleged Saudi hit squad emerge", "What Happened to Jamal Khashoggi? [76] According to "people familiar with the matter", the audio was shared with Central Intelligence Agency agents; a CIA spokeswoman declined to comment. [31], In summer 2018, Abdulaziz's cellphone was infected with a surveillance tool. Jamal Khashoggi case: All the latest updates. [105] Later he was seen dining with another Saudi agent, and the footage shows him smiling and laughing. The prince denied any involvement, but in October he said he took "full responsibility as a leader in Saudi Arabia, especially since it was committed by individuals working for the Saudi government". He urged the international community to uncover the whole truth. [134] On 15 October, Turkish police were allowed for the first time to enter the consulate. [117][118], Calling for an international investigation, at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York City on 25 October, Agnes Callamard, UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, explained the Saudi officials implicated in the death of Khashoggi "are high enough to represent the state". [166] Additional details about identities were also reported along with their aliases. [43][44] The intercepted communications were regarded as significant because Khashoggi had bought a home in McLean, Virginia,[45] where he lived after fleeing the KSA. [74] According to Middle East Eye, five members were part of the 15-member death squad who were sent to murder Khashoggi. [10], The Saudi government engaged in an extensive effort to cover-up the killing, including destroying evidence. [141], On 15 November 2018, the Saudi Prosecutor's Office stated that 11 Saudi nationals had been indicted and charged with murdering Khashoggi and that five of the individuals who were indicted would face the death penalty since it had been determined they were directly involved in "ordering and executing the crime". [40][41] Abdulaziz filed a lawsuit against an Israeli company NSO Group Technologies that allowed his smartphone to be taken over and his communications to be spied on by the Saudi regime.[42]. He also asked Saudis to complete the investigation sooner. "[91], Hatice Cengiz begged the US government to take action in helping to find her fiancé. [84], On 20 October, the Saudi Foreign Ministry reported that a preliminary investigation showed that Khashoggi had died at the consulate while engaged in a fight, the first Saudi acknowledgement of Khashoggi's death. [92], On the evening of 14 October, President Erdoğan and King Salman announced that a deal had been made for a "jointing working group" to examine the case. Khashoggi arrived about an hour later, accompanied by his fiancée Cengiz, whom he entrusted with two cell phones while she waited outside for him. [119] "Even Saudi Arabia has admitted that the crime was premeditated ... From where I sit, this bears all the hallmarks of extrajudicial executions. Procès Khashoggi : "Tout ce qui touche l'affaire permet à la Turquie de se montrer sous son meilleur jour" 03/07/2020 Assassinat de Jamal Khashoggi : ouverture d'un procès par contumace en Turquie Are they about to fail another test of humanity? [167] According to one report, seven of the fifteen men suspected of killing Khashoggi are Mohammed bin Salman's personal bodyguards. [94][95] According to an anonymous source from the Attorney General's office, Turkish officials found evidence of "tampering" during the inspection, and evidence that supports the belief Khashoggi was killed. ", "With Khashoggi decision, Trump places strategic interests above human rights", "Trump contradicts CIA assessment on Khashoggi killing", "CIA holds 'smoking gun phone call' of Saudi Crown Prince on Khashoggi murder", "CIA Has Recording of Saudi Crown Prince Ordering Khashoggi Silenced", "Turkey says the CIA has a 'smoking gun' tape nailing the Saudi crown prince in the Khashoggi case", "Turkish media: CIA has recording of MBS ordering Khashoggi murder", "CIA Intercepts Underpin Assessment Saudi Crown Prince Targeted Khashoggi", "Saudis: Saudi-Commissioned Report Contests U.S. Finding About Khashoggi's Killing", "Mohammad bin Salman denies ordering Khashoggi murder, but says he takes responsibility for it", "Mohammed bin Salman denies personal involvement in Khashoggi killing in '60 Minutes' interview but says it was carried out by Saudi officials", "Turkey charges 20 Saudis over Jamal Khashoggi murder", "Turkey charges 20 Saudis over Khashoggi murder", "Turkey Charges 20 in Khashoggi Killing | Voice of America - English", "Turkish prosecutors file indictment over Khashoggi killing", "Istanbul prosecutor indicts Saudi suspects for Khashoggi killing", "UPDATE 1-Khashoggi's fiancee hopes Turkish trial will reveal fresh evidence", "UK imposes sanctions against human rights abusers", "Gen. Asiri named deputy head of General Intelligence; Ibrahim Al-Omar is new SAGIA chairman", "Arab Source: Khashoggi Murdered by Ex-Spokesman of Saudi-Led Coalition in War on Yemen", "Photos Purport to Show Hit Squad Sent to Kill Saudi Writer", "Turkish police identify 5 suspects linked to Khashoggi murder: report", "15-member Saudi 'intel squad' sent to target WP's Khashoggi identified", "Exclusive: Seven of bin Salman's bodyguards among Khashoggi suspects", Suspects in Khashoggi Case Had Ties to Saudi Crown Prince, "Khashoggi case: Report links suspects to Saudi prince", "One of the people believed to have been involved in Jamal Khashoggi's disappearance reportedly identified as frequent travel companion of Mohammed bin Salman", "Treasury Sanctions 17 Individuals for Their Roles in the Killing of Jamal Khashoggi | U.S. Department of the Treasury", "Jamal Khashoggi: Saudis sentence five to death for journalist's murder", "One of the men suspected of killing Jamal Khashoggi reportedly died in a car crash after returning to Saudi Arabia", "Saudi who arrived in Turkey day of Khashoggi disappearance dies in 'traffic accident, "One of 15 Saudis that targeted Khashoggi dies in suspicious car accident", "The 15 Saudis who flew to Turkey before Khashoggi's killing", "Khashoggi murder: Saudi Arabia sentences five to death, Qahtani not charged", "What we know about the 15 Saudis said by Turkey to have played a role in Khashoggi's disappearance", "Senators question Pentagon nominee about whether firm trained Saudi journalist's killers", "Video: In SASC Hearing, Kaine Presses DoD Nominee On Ties To Group Potentially Linked To Khashoggi Murder", "Khashoggi trial was an exercise in scapegoating and not justice", "Saudi death sentence wipes MBS's fingerprints in Khashoggi killing", "Saudi Arabia sentences five people to death over Khashoggi killing", "Saudi Arabian court issues final verdict for 8 people in death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi", "Jamal Khashoggi murder: Saudi court commutes death sentences", "Jamal Khashoggi murder: Saudi court overturns five death sentences", "Saudi Arabia hands down 'final' rulings in Jamal Khashoggi murder, sentencing 8 to prison terms", "Turkey, rights groups decry Saudi verdict on Khashoggi murder", "Khashoggi's son meets with Saudi king and crown prince", "Twitter storm after Khashoggi's son meets Saudi crown prince", "Meeting Khashoggi's son could backfire for bin Salman", "Khashoggi's son leaves Saudi Arabia as prosecutor says killing was planned", "Jared Kushner defended Saudi Crown prince after Khashoggi's death, and kept chatting in text messages, report says", "Saudi dissidents fear 'long arm' of state after Khashoggi murder", "Riyadh tried to 'trap' us in overseas embassies: Saudi dissidents", "Saudi hit squad was sent to Toronto to try to kill former intel official, lawsuit alleges", "Saudi ex-spy suing crown prince faces fresh death threat in Canada – report", "Former Saudi intelligence chief faces new death threat", "For 1st time, Saudis say Jamal Khashoggi killed in consulate", "Erdogan demands Saudi Arabia reveal the location of Jamal Khashoggi's body", "Jamal Khashoggi disappearance: 'Hell to pay' for Saudi Arabia if journalist was murdered, Lindsey Graham says", "Saudi Arabia's Arab Allies Come To Its Defense In The Khashoggi Murder Affair", "Dänemark stoppt Waffenlieferungen an Saudi-Arabien wegen Fall Khashoggi", "Norway suspends future arms exports to Saudi Arabia", "Canada Set To Go Ahead With Arms Deal, Saudi Arabia Says", "Killing Saudi arms export deal would 'devastate' London region, says Tory MP Vecchio", "U.S. shared nuclear power info with Saudi Arabia after Khashoggi killed", "Trump vetoes 3 bills prohibiting arms sales to Saudi Arabia", "Time Names Person of the Year for 2018: Jamal Khashoggi and Other Journalists", "Time Person of the Year: 'The Guardians and the War on Truth, "Time's Person of the Year: 'Guardians' of the truth, including slain journalist Jamal Khashoggi", "Trump defies Congress — to shield MBS from accountability on Jamal Khashoggi", "In the Aftermath of Jamal Khashoggi's Murder, Saudi Arabia Enters a Dangerous Period", Statement from Donald J. Trump On Standing with Saudi Arabia, Annex to the Report of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions: Investigation into the unlawful death of Mr. Jamal Khashoggi, Visual guide to Khashoggi's disappearance, Killing Jamal Khashoggi: How a Brutal Saudi Hit Job Unfolded – Visual Investigations, The Jamal Khashoggi murder reconstructed, Al Jazeera English (YouTube), 3 April 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assassination_of_Jamal_Khashoggi&oldid=992327238, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Allegedly to remove a prominent dissident and critic of the Saudi leadership, Maher Abdulaziz Mutreb, intelligence officer, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 18:07. [93] On 15 October the Turkish Foreign Ministry announced that an "inspection" of the consulate, by both Turkish and Saudi officials, would take place that afternoon. [74], Opposition Saudi scholar Abdullah Alaoudh (son of Salman al-Ouda) said he was subjected to a similar plot when he sent in a passport renewal application to the Saudi Embassy in Washington. But he declined in fear that it was a ruse and that upon returning he would be imprisoned or worse. Under a directive adopted in 2015, the US intelligence community has a "duty to warn" people – including those who are not US citizens – who are at risk of being kidnapped or killed. The Khashoggi affair is a grim illustration of how the risk to journalists increases worldwide when America abdicates its role as global defender of a free press. The Saudi authorities said it was the result of a "rogue operation" and put 11 unnamed individuals on trial. [90], On 16 November, a Hürriyet columnist reported that Turkey has more evidence, including a second audio recording from the consulate, where the Saudi team reviews the plans on how to execute Khashoggi. [75] U.S. President Donald Trump said the United States had asked Turkey for the recordings. [5] He also opposed the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen. Read about our approach to external linking. A United Nations expert on human rights who carried out an investigation into the murder also criticized the ruling for lack of transparency or fairness. Son grand-père, Mohammed Khashoggi, qui a épousé une saoudienne , était par ailleurs le médecin personnel du roi Ibn Séoud, le fondateur du royaume d'Arabie saoudite . [126] These recordings document Khashoggi's torture and death, as well as conversations from the days prior to the incident that Turkey had uncovered during its investigation. [13][14], On 16 November 2018, several news organizations including The New York Times and The Washington Post reported that the CIA was unequivocal in assessing with "high confidence" that the crown prince Mohammad bin Salman ordered Khashoggi's assassination. [185] The court conducted ten hearings that were not open to the public. By Nic Robertson and Luke McGee, CNN. His departure came hours before his home was expected to be searched in relation to the journalist's disappearance. Another group of officials from the consulate traveled to a forest in Istanbul's outskirts and the nearby city of Yalova on a "reconnaissance" trip. It was the first time that he disclosed that the three European Union states had heard the recordings.